Web development sometimes incorrectly referred to as website development is the process of building and maintaining websites and web applications. It encompasses various technologies and tools used to create the front-end (client-side) and back-end (server-side) components of a website. A successful web development project requires a combination of programming languages, frameworks, and tools to deliver a seamless and interactive user experience. If someone says Web Development they usually mean the entire process including the back-end coding that makes it all work, whereas if they say website design or website development they sometimes just mean the front-end design aspect so you need to make sure your designer can actually do Web Development and not just website design.
HTML5 (Hypertext Markup Language 5) is the latest version of the standard markup language used to structure and present content on the web. It provides a more extensive set of semantic elements, multimedia support, and improved form controls, enabling developers to create modern and accessible web pages.
CSS3 (Cascading Style Sheets 3) is the latest version of the style sheet language used to control the presentation and layout of HTML documents. CSS3 introduces numerous enhancements, including animations, transitions, responsive design features, and support for custom fonts, allowing developers to create visually appealing and responsive websites.
Front-end Frameworks (e.g., React, Angular)
Front-end frameworks are pre-built libraries and tools that simplify the development of interactive user interfaces. React and Angular are popular front-end frameworks used to build single-page applications (SPAs) and complex user interfaces. They offer reusable components, state management, and a structured architecture that streamlines development.
Angular, maintained by Google, is a comprehensive front-end framework for building dynamic and feature-rich web applications. It provides tools for two-way data binding, dependency injection, routing, and form handling.
Back-end Technologies (e.g., Node.js, Django)
Back-end technologies power the server-side of web applications, handling data processing, database interactions, and business logic. Different programming languages and frameworks are used for back-end development.
Django is a high-level Python web framework that follows the “batteries-included” philosophy. It provides robust tools and libraries for handling common web development tasks, such as URL routing, database modeling, and user authentication.